Air quality in welfare accounting


We measure how taking into account air quality affects relative welfare levels and welfare convergence across countries. We use the equivalent variation framework by Jones and Klenow [(2016) American Economic Review 106(9), 2426–2457.] which takes into account consumption, life expectancy, inequality, and leisure and extend it with respect to e nvironmental quality in form of air pollution. Our results show that omitting environmental aspects from welfare accounting might lead to both a substantial over- or understatement of actual relative welfare and welfare developments for different (groups of) countries.

Macoeconomic Dynamics,27 (4), June, pp. 1019-1058